17 October 2009

Sauce Meurette

Oeufs en meurette — a typically Burgundian dish. I got interested in it back in late August when I was in Paris and had dinner in a restaurant with a group of friends. One of them, the oft-mentioned CHM, who was putting me up for the weekend, ordered a light dinner of eggs in a meurette sauce that evening at the Fontaine de Mars restaurant.

I was seated next to CHM and, while the food I had ordered was also very good, I couldn't help but admire the plate of soft-cooked eggs floating on a red wine sauce that he was enjoying. It didn't look complicated to make, and both CHM and I said we would try, separately, to make our own versions of it soon.

Well, I made mine the other day. I looked up recipes on the Internet, and I found at least four of them pretty quickly — French ones. One gave proportions to go with a dozen eggs, another eight eggs, and another six. I wanted to cook only four. As for the ingredients, they were all similar except in minor details. I decided to take the best of each, using my own judgment.

Onions and pork lardons — bacon — are the base for sauce meurette.
I added carrots but mushroom would be good too.

Actually, we had made Oeufs en meurette on the spur of the moment back in mid-September when another friend, Peter Hertzmann, from here from California. I made the sauce with Peter's advice and assistance, and then we poached some eggs. We neglected to drain the poached eggs well, however, the the excess water on and in them made the sauce too liquid. For a first attempt, it tasted good but it wasn't a roaring success.

Here's the recipe I ended up with for the sauce I made a couple of days ago:

Sauce meurette

1 bottle of dry red wine
½ tsp. salt
½ tsp. black pepper
½ tsp. dried thyme
a pinch of hot red pepper flakes
a pinch of ground allspice (or ground cloves)
2 bay leaves
2 garlic cloves, chopped finely
3 Tbsp. red wine vinegar
2 medium onions
1 large carrot
6 oz. thick-sliced smoked bacon
starch or flour for thickening (optional)
2 Tbsp. butter

Pour the wine into a saucepan and set it on medium high heat. Season with salt, black pepper, thyme, red pepper flakes, allspice, bay leaves, and garlic. Add the vinegar. Boil the wine mixture down for 20 to 30 minutes until it is reduced in volume by at least a third.

Meanwhile, cut the carrot into fine dice and slice or chop the onions. Cut the smoked bacon — or ham — into dice (or rectangular lardons). In a skillet, sauté the onion, carrot, and bacon together in a little oil or butter until they are tender and cooked but not really browned, about 10 minutes. Keep the heat low, and cover the pan for part of the cooking time to steam the vegetables and make them tender.

When the seasoned wine has reduced by a third or even by half, stir in the bacon, onion, and carrot mixture and continue cooking it for 10 to 15 minutes.

If you want to thicken the sauce, dissolve a teaspoonful of corn or potato starch in ¼ cup of cold water. Potato starch is better, I think. Slowly pour the dissolved starch into the hot meurette sauce, stirring well so that it doesn’t form lumps.

The other way to thicken it is to make beurre manié — softened butter mixed with flour until it’s a smooth paste, and then whisked into the sauce.

If you don't thicken it or if you use dissolved starch, you can enrich the sauce at this point by stirring in 2 Tbsp. of cold butter until it is melted and incorporated.

Here's the sauce reduced and thickened.

I don't know if that reminds you of anything, and I didn't really think about it until I read about it in Waverly Root's book The Food of France. As he says in his chapter on the Burgundy region:
"The sauce that goes with bœuf bourguignon [Beef Burgundy] is one variety of what Burgundy calls meurettes, a general name for all of the wine sauces that are basic to Burgundian cooking. They're usually well spiced, thickened with flour and butter, and appear in varied forms to go with many different dishes of meat, fish, or eggs."
Mr. Root doesn't mention poultry, but the sauce of red wine, onions, lardons, and mushrooms that is the essence of boeuf bourguignon is also the essential sauce for coq au vin — chicken in red wine sauce.

According to the dictionary, in texts dating back to the late 1500s and early 1600s there are references to a dish called oeufs à la murette, and the spelling meurette would be a regional variant of that term. Murette shares its derivation with the term saumure, which means "brine" in French and comes from the Latin muria, meaning "dissolved sea salt." So on some level, a meurette is a salty sauce that accompanies meat, poultry, fish, or eggs.

Eggs in a meurette sauce

When fish is cooked in or served with a red wine sauce, the dish is called a matelote — a matelot, without the final E, is a sailor. Chicken becomes coq au vin, and beef become boeuf bourguignon (or boeuf à la bourguignonne). The version of the dish with eggs is called oeufs en meurette.

I've found recipes for meurette sauce that don't contain bacon. When included, the bacon can be either the smoked or the unsmoked kind. Some recipes call for shallots and onions, but no garlic. Many don't include the vinegar. Others say to use equal quantities of red wine and water rather than just wine. Putting in diced carrot was my idea, because I like carrots and think they are good for me. Mushroom would be good too, as in the red-wine sauces for beef and chicken.

One old French recipe says to heat up the red wine with onions, herbs, and so forth, and then strain the wine and poach the eggs in it. Set the poached eggs aside while you reduce and thicken the sauce, and then serve it with the poached eggs. The recipes are all over the map. A Google search in English turned up a lot of them.

If using a whole bottle of drinkable red wine to make a sauce to serve with four eggs seems extravagant to you, remember that in France you can buy a decent bottle of red wine for 1.50 or 2.00 euros — especially if you live in wine country, as we do. Wine is a commodity, not a luxury product, here. Everyday Loire wines — Gamay, Côt, Pinot Noir, or Cabernet Franc — are very good for making this sauce.

In Ginette Mathiot's classic French home-cooking book called Je Sais Cuisiner, there's a recipe for eggs in a meurette sauce in her chapter on regional dishes. She says the sauce can be served with hard-boiled, soft-boiled, or poached eggs. The dish that CHM had at the restaurant appeared to have had the eggs broken raw onto the hot sauce and then cooked either on top of the stove or in the oven until the whites were set and cooked.

Those eggs — two of them, anyway

We had tried poached eggs en meurette in September, and that attempt was only a partial success. Poaching eggs is a lot of trouble, and unless you are more talented than I am they don't always come out perfect. Putting the eggs raw on top of the sauce and letting them cook that way seemed like a better plan.

The problem was, when I broke two eggs into a bowl and then tried to slide them onto a bowlful of sauce, the eggs promptly sank! I think I had put too much sauce in the bowl — it was too deep. The yolks were right next to each other like two closely set yellow eyeballs staring at me, and the whites, well, didn't spread out over the surface. I was more careful in sliding the eggs onto the second bowlful of sauce, but the result wasn't much better.

Anyway, the sauce was delicious, and the eggs did finally cook, after 5 or even 10 minutes in a hot oven — especially when we stirred the whites into the bubbling sauce at the table. But the yolks got a little too hard, and the sauce turned brown. I think next time I'll just fry a couple of eggs sunny-side up in some butter and then slide them, cooked, onto the hot sauce. Or I'll make soft-boiled eggs.


  1. Ken, I too love eggs in a meurette sauce. I don't think I have ever made the sauce specifically for the eggs. My shortcut has always been to use the leftover sauce from a boeuf bourguingnon to make faux oeufs en meurette the next day.

  2. Hi Ken, There is a very easy way to make poached eggs, using a small bowl and a sheet of heat resisting cling film. Put the cling film in the bowl with at least 15 cm hanging over the rim of the bowl. Break the egg into the bowl. Gather the overging film together and twist it around and fasten it with a piece of kitchen rope or one of those metal bits that are used to tie up dustbin liners.

    Put the thus wrapped egg in water that has almost reached boiling point and let it sit there for about 4 minutes. When the white is set, lift the egg out of the water an remove the clig film. Et voilà, a perfectly poached egg.

    Good luck! Martine

  3. This is something I've never had but sounds delicious! I'll have to try it. I was also interested in your comments about the derivation of "meurette". There is a sea bird that's called "murre" in English and I wondered if they shared the same etymology. But when I googled murre, it said that the etymology was unknown.

    With potatoes, the recipe would be very similar to what we know as hash (corned beef). Except we Americans don't usually put wine in our hash and eggs! How silly is that?

  4. Ladybird,,,I'll try your method next time I want poached eggs. I've never been any good at making "free form" poached eggs, and this sounds like it will work (especially for Eggs Benedict)...thank you very much!

    We have a little egg poacher but it produces eggs that look like they came from a mold at MacDonalds.

  5. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KtZ14xEbgzg Did you Google "how to poach an egg"? I especially like the color you used typing the recipe; "ca me met l'eau a la bouche". Can you please tell Walt that "je donne ma langue au chat" means that I don't know, I give up.

  6. it seems like it would make a whole lotta sauce with a bottle of wine, even reduced by half.....i have never tried this dish but sounds tasty.....u could always cook the eggs in a cocotte in a water bath first & then put in sauce

  7. Clotilde Dusoulier of www.chocolateandzucchini.com has just finished working with translators to adapt and translate "Je Sais Cuisiner" into English. It will be called, no surprise here, "I Know How to Cook."

    She's going to be at an event at WH Smith in Paris on November 17 to talk about it.



  8. Reminds me a bit of a Marchand de Vin sauce. The New Orleans variant is often served with eggs.


  9. Hello Shelli, that's very interesting and I wish I could come to Paris in November, but it's probably not going to happen. I've been using Je Sais Cuisiner since the early 1980s, when a good friend gave me a copy as a Christmas present.

    Martine, thanks for the tip on poaching eggs. I'll try that.

    Cheryl, I looked up murre and the French name is guillemot. Funny, we actually did have some boiled potatoes, pommes de terre à l'anglaise, with our eggs and meurette sauce. That made a meal out of it. As you imagine, oeufs en meurette is not exactly a breakfast dish in France!

    John, you are right. I think Marchand de Vin sauce is the Bordeaux name for the Burgundy meurette. At least both are red wine sauces.

    Keir, I never thought about doing eggs in a leftover bourguignon sauce but why not. It would have to be good.

  10. I am back again.http://www.marthastewart.com/recipe/poached-eggs-in-red-wine-sauce I doesn't look like her sauce is as rich as yours. In Nevers, my eggs in a meurette sauce were simply called "oeufs au vin".

  11. Ken,
    This is one of Leon's favourite dishes in France. You've inspired me to give it a go. Many of the ones tried in France did indeed have mushrooms in them. I'll let you know how it goes.

  12. To Bill in NH: An extra tip, put a drop of olive oil on the cling film and smear it out. It'll be easier to remove the film after cooking the egg. Enjoy! Ladybird

  13. These never really appealed to be but I ordered them on a lark in a restaurant in Burgundy and thought they were divine. Yours look wonderful, as usual!


What's on your mind? Qu'avez-vous à me dire ?