All France is divided into 35,357 « communes ». The commune is the smallest administrative unit of the country. Each commune has its town or village hall, called the « mairie » [may-REE] because it's where the « maire » [mehr], the mayor, has his or her office. (Mairie does not rhyme with Marie [mah-REE].) In the past, maire was a masculine word grammatically, but nowadays the word maire can be used as a feminine noun as well. La maire de Paris is a woman. Still, fewer than 20 percent of the 35,000+ maires in France are women. Maire and mère ("mother") are homophones — in other words, the two words are pronounced exactly the same way. I know, it can get confusing...
About 90 per cent of the 35,000+ communes in France have fewer than 2,000 inhabitants. That's true of this one, the commune called Mareuil-sur-Cher. The mayor is a woman. Some call her madame le maire and others call her madame la maire. Others call her la mairesse. Anyway, the name Mareuil [mah-RUH-yuh] derives from an old Celtic term meaning a clearing in a forest. In other words, the village existed before the Romans invaded Gaul, and long before the Franks moved in and turned the country into France. Mareuil-sur-Cher (pop. 1,150) covers 32 km² (12 mi²) of territory and is located on the on the northwest side of the bigger town of Saint-Aignan.
The commune of Mareuil is made up of a built-up area commonly referred to as le bourg ("the burg") and the land surrounding it. It's bordered to the northeast by the Cher river. The mairie, which you see in these three photos, is in the middle of the "burg" which you might call the village in my dialect of English. And I'd call the commune "the township." Communes are located in départements, and there are 272 communes in the Loir-et-Cher "department" (pop. 330,000 or so), which is where Mareuil-sur-Cher is located. (There are many other communes in France called Mareuil. Wikipedia lists a dozen or so of them, but there is only one Mareuil-sur-Cher.)
Besides the bourg or "village" called Mareuil-sur-Cher, or just Mareuil locally, the commune is further divided up into named "hamlets" (des hameaux — the rural equivalent of neighborhoods) that are called, confusingly, « les villages » by the local people. And its divided up into vineyards and wineries as well. There are 11 or 12 wineries scattered around the territory of the commune. That means there's a winery for about every square mile. I think the Mairie de Mareuil is a handsome building.